James Castle



An Incredible Artist,

  An Incredible Person

     An Incredible Story

                                                     Photo courtesy of James Castle Collection and Archive

Notecards, tote bags, and several books on James Castle can be found in our Gift Shop


Friends and relatives seem to remember James already drawing pictures by age six or seven. Making do with materials scrounged from around his parent’s Garden Valley farm, store and post office, he drew what he saw—capturing people, animals, landscapes and intricately shaded architectural images on scraps of wrapping paper, discarded envelopes and the backsides of old receipts. His drawing instruments were most often sharpened sticks or nails dipped repeatedly into his own special “spit and soot” ink mixture, With these James managed to produce a diverse, very personal, yet highly sophisticated body of work.



In 1950, while attending what would later become the Pacific Academy of Art in Portland, Oregon, Castle nephew Robert Beach showed James’ work to a member of the Academy’s faculty. As a result James’ work was ultimately passed along to a Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts colleague who was equally impressed. From these chance beginnings, and with on-going encouragement from nephew Robert Beach came slow but steady recognition of Castle’s artistic talents, and growing interest in the exhibition of his work.

James’ first 1951 Portland show was small but enthusiastically received, followed by regional shows in Washington State, Oregon and California. Appreciation of Castle’s work continued to grow, leading to a comprehensive exhibition at the Boise Gallery of Art, (now the Boise Art Museum) in 1963, followed by other exhibits throughout the decade. In 1974 two Castle calendar drawings were included in the seminal book “Twentieth Century American Folk Art and Artists” by Herbert W. Hemphill Jr. and Julia Wiseman.

The final exhibition James Castle attended during his lifetime was held at Boise Gallery of Art in 1976—James Castle passed away the following year on October 26. 1977.
Since his death, Castle’s artwork has received worldwide acclaim leading to exhibitions in many countries and foreign cities including London, Tokyo and Paris as well as others. Recent U.S. venues include the Whitney Museum of American Art in 2014, and the Smithsonian American Art Gallery in 2015.

Today “The James Castle Collection and Archive” (jamescastle.com) located in Boise, Idaho works to cultivate and preserve Castle’s artistic legacy. According to jamescastle.com, galleries currently handling Castle’s art include Peter Freeman, Inc. New York City; the Tomio Koyama Gallery, Tokyo, Japan; the Lawrence Markey Gallery, San Antonio, TX; and the Ayloe Piggotti Gallery, Jackson Hole, WY

In 2015 the city of Boise’s Department of Arts and History purchased James Castle’s final home in Pierce Park, with plans to restore and preserve the site in honor of Idaho’s most famous artist.

An Artist of humble beginnings and humble materials, James Castles’s exceptional life resulted in the creation of exceptional art.



Charles James Castle, who would be known throughout his life as James, was born in Garden Valley, Idaho on September 25, 1899.

His parents were British emigrant Frank Castle, and Mary Scanlon Castle, a native of nearby Pioneerville, Idaho.

Born prematurely, possibly due to a barn fire his mother reportedly help extinguish shortly before his birth, James came into the world small, sickly, and as his parents would soon come to realize, profoundly deaf.

Fifth of seven surviving Castle children, James grew up amongst one older brother and five sisters. Two other siblings died in infancy, and older sister Nellie became deaf at age eight after contracting measles.

Like other Garden Valley farm families, the Castles were industrious. They raised livestock and feed crops, and tended a large garden with surplus marketed to their neighbors. For many years Mary also served as the Valley’s principal mid-wife.

After being appointed Postmaster in1901, Frank enlarged the family home to accommodate not only the post office, but a small general store where Frank and Mary sold sugar, salt and other staples. As a result the Castle home was little James’ first “window on the world”—a safe place from which to observe and imagine, but with no need to participate directly.


James did not attend public school with his brother and sisters. Within the family his communication skills were limited though adequate. But outside the home, and particularly in the classroom where accommodations for the hearing impaired were still decades into the future, James’ profound deafness and limited ability to communicate made formal learning very difficult. Still, around 1910, the family did send both James and his sister Nellie to the Gooding School for the Deaf and Blind. Nellie, whose hearing had been lost at age eight, did very well. But James’ profound deafness from birth limited both his opportunities and enthusiasm. There is also speculation that James, who could be very strong-willed, may have preferred spending time on art projects rather than the School’s more structured curriculum. Whatever the reasons, James returned home after five years at Gooding having never learned to read, write, lip-read or sign. He did manage to master copying letters of the alphabet, which he enjoyed incorporating into his increasingly elaborate drawings.

Back home, feeling his hearing and limited communication skills were burden enough, the family chose to excuse James from farm chores and household duties. This left James free to spend time alone observing his surroundings. And using this time more wisely than anyone might have imagined, James slowly transformed himself into a true artist.


In 1923 the Castle family moved from Garden Valley to Star, Idaho. After Frank’s death in 1927 Mary and the family moved again to Middleton, Idaho, and then in 1931 to a rural area outside Boise later known as Pierce Park.

Throughout this period, and on into the later Thirties and Forties, James continued producing art using his unique but familiar materials and tools. Subject matter changed and evolved over time to reflect his new surroundings, but James never forgot Garden Valley, and images from those earlier years continued to influence his work through the end of his life.

By 1930 the family included Mary, James, his sister Peggy, her husband Guy Wade, and eventually their four children. In 1948 after Mary’s death, Peggy inherited the family home with the understanding that James would live there with her family for the rest of his life. Over the years James had drawn pictures of a cottage referred to within the family as James’ “dream house”, his very private way, they believed, of expressing desire for a home of his own. And eventually proceeds from the sale of James’ art enabled him to live in his own real dream house – a small comfortable mobile home purchased on his behalf by his sister and parked next to the family home.



Links to Boise City Department of Arts & History as well as the James Castle Collection and Archive provide a wealth of other information.



The Garden Valley Art Center is proud to feature James Castle items in our GIFT SHOP.